What is a group company structure?
25/06/2024 - More...
A group is formed when one company has control of, owns, a number of subsidiary companies. A group is different to an arrangement where an individual owns a number of companies personally. In this case the companies would be called associated or sister companies. What are the advantages of a group structure? One useful reason for

Reclaiming pre-trading VAT
20/06/2024 - More...
There are special rules that determine the recoverability of VAT incurred before a business registered for VAT. This type of VAT is known as pre-registration input VAT. There are different rules for the supply of goods and services, but VAT can only be reclaimed if the pre-registration expenses relate to the supply of taxable goods or

Post cessation transactions
20/06/2024 - More...
Tax relief may be available for post-cessation expenses of a trade. To be an allowable post-cessation expense the trade must have ceased and the expense must have been deductible in calculating the trading profits. This means that the expense still has to meet the wholly and exclusively test and be revenue, not capital, expenditure. The

Tax relief for training costs
20/06/2024 - More...
If you are self-employed it is important to know if an expense is tax allowable. Any allowable costs can be used to reduce your taxable profit. As a general rule you can claim for items that you would normally use for less than 2 years as allowable expenses such as stationery and other office sundries as well as rent, rates, power and

Tax and employee share schemes
20/06/2024 - More...
There are a number of government approved share schemes which offer various incentives to employees. The rules of the schemes vary but they are all designed to help incentivise employees by giving them the opportunity to invest in their employer's business. This in turn helps businesses retain and recruit key staff by offering tax

Connected persons for tax purposes
20/06/2024 - More...
The definition of a connected person for tax purposes varies. A statutory definition of “connected persons” for Capital Gains Tax purposes is set out in Section 286 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act (TCGA) 1992. The legislation states: " A person is connected with an individual if that person is the individual’s

Is your income over £100,000?
20/06/2024 - More...
If you earn over £100,000 in any tax year your personal allowance is gradually reduced by £1 for every £2 of adjusted net income over £100,000 irrespective of age. This means that any taxable receipt that takes your income over £100,000 will result in a reduction in personal tax allowances that would reduce the allowance to zero if your

Child Benefit for 16 – 19 year olds
17/06/2024 - More...
More than a million parents will receive reminders to extend Child Benefit for their teenagers if they are continuing their education or training after their GCSEs. HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) is sending more than 1.4 million Child Benefit reconfirmation letters to parents between 24 May and 17 July. The letters will include a QR code

Are we unpaid tax collectors?
17/06/2024 - More...
Business owners often refer to VAT as if it were a cost to their business regardless of their VAT position; whether they are registered for VAT or not. If you are not registered for VAT, you do not have to add VAT to your sales and you cannot recover any VAT you pay on purchases. In which case, under these circumstances, VAT is a

Types of HMRC enquiries
13/06/2024 - More...
HMRC can enquire into any statutory return (or amendment of that return) or statutory claim to check if the return / claim has been prepared correctly or if further information is required. HMRC’s internal manuals state that there is no statutory definition of an enquiry, so it carries its normal dictionary meaning of `seeking

Correcting errors in VAT returns
13/06/2024 - More...
Where an error on a past VAT return is uncovered businesses have a duty to correct the error as soon as possible. As a general rule, any necessary adjustment can be made on a current VAT return. To do this, the errors must be below the reporting threshold. Under the reporting threshold rule, businesses can make an adjustment on their

Interest on children’s savings
13/06/2024 - More...
All children in the UK have their own personal allowance, currently £12,570. There are special rules if a parent gifts significant amounts of money to their children which results in them receiving bank interest of more than £100 (before tax) annually. If this is the case, the parent is liable to pay tax on all the interest if it is above

Non-resident UK property sales
13/06/2024 - More...
There are specials rules that apply to UK property sales by non-residents. Since 6 April 2020 non-residents have needed to report and pay any non-resident Capital Gains Tax (CGT) due if they have sold or disposed of: residential UK property or land (land for these purposes also includes any buildings on the land); non-residential UK

Self-assessment payments on account
13/06/2024 - More...
Self-assessment taxpayers are usually required to pay their income tax liabilities in three instalments each year. The first two payments on account are due on 31 January during the tax year and 31 July following the tax year end date. These payments on account are based on 50% each of the previous year’s net income tax liability. In

Multiple Dwellings Relief for SDLT
13/06/2024 - More...
It was announced as part of the Spring Budget 2023 that Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) was being abolished. This change has now come into effect for transactions which complete, or substantially perform on or after 1 June 2024. The MDR relief applied to property purchasers who bought more than one dwelling where a transaction or a

New Brooms
11/06/2024 - More...
As time passes during the present election campaign, its seems more likely that we may have a change of government from the 5 July. Labour have disclosed a number of tax changes they would introduce. To summarise they are: Private school fees will attract VAT at 20% which private schools will no doubt pass on to parents. The Labour

Falling inflation – what does it mean for you?
11/06/2024 - More...
The following notes are reproduced from a Treasury statement issued 21 May 2024. Lower inflation supports people by maintaining the purchasing power of their money. If prices only rise slowly, people can plan their budgets more effectively - encouraging spending and investment, which fuels the economy. Lower inflation also helps

Tax Diary July/August 2024
07/06/2024 - More...
1 July 2024 - Due date for corporation tax due for the year ended 30 September 2023. 6 July 2024 - Complete and submit forms P11D return of benefits and expenses and P11D(b) return of Class 1A NICs. 19 July 2024 - Pay Class 1A NICs (by the 22 July 2024 if paid electronically). 19 July 2024 - PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended

Filing your tax return early
06/06/2024 - More...
The 2023-24 tax year ended on 5 April 2024 and the new 2024-25 tax year started on 6 April 2024. Most taxpayers will be happy to leave dealing with their 2023-24 tax returns until later this year or even until January 2025. The 31 January 2025 is not just the final date for submission of the 2023-24 self-assessment tax return but also an

Setting up as a sole trader
06/06/2024 - More...
Setting up in business as a sole trader is arguably the simplest way of starting and running a business. The advantages of being a sole trader include independence, ease of set up and running your business, and the fact that all the profits go to you. The disadvantages include a lack of support, unlimited liability, the prospect of

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